Full List: Loudspeaker & Monitor Specifications w/ Examples
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Full List: Loudspeaker & Monitor Specifications w/ Examples

Loudspeakers come in a wide variety of designs and are defined by a rather large amount of specifications. We can learn a lot about a speaker before ever plugging it in and/or connecting it to an amplifier by reading its specifications or datasheet. What are loudspeaker specifications? Loudspeaker specifications, shown on spec/data sheets, are pieces…

Full List: Thiele-Small Speaker Parameters W/ Descriptions
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Full List: Thiele-Small Speaker Parameters W/ Descriptions

Speaker drivers and enclosures are quite complex in their design and functionality and can be measured in a wide variety of specifications and parameters. What are Thiele-Small Parameters? Thiele-Small (T/S) Parameters are a series of measurements that define the mechanical, electrical and electromechanical properties of a loudspeaker. The TSPs apply particularly to individual drivers and…

Full Guide To Loudspeaker Sensitivity & Efficiency Ratings
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Full Guide To Loudspeaker Sensitivity & Efficiency Ratings

Loudspeakers are rather insensitive and inefficient transducers. Knowing and comprehending their sensitivity and efficiency ratings is key to understanding how speakers work as a whole. What are speaker sensitivity and efficiency? Sensitivity and efficiency are similar specifications/measurements of how well a speaker converts amplifier power (electrical energy) into acoustic (mechanical wave) energy. Put differently; they…

The Complete Guide To Headphones Sensitivity Ratings
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The Complete Guide To Headphones Sensitivity Ratings

When listening to music, we humans like it loud. Whether it’s turning up a volume knob or dial, applying more gain, or choosing a more sensitive audio device, perceived loudness is something to consider when choosing the optimal listening experience. What is headphone sensitivity? Headphone sensitivity is a specification that refers to the efficiency of…

The Complete Guide To Understanding Headphone Impedance
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The Complete Guide To Understanding Headphone Impedance

Headphones work with AC electrical voltages (audio signals) and, therefore, have impedance. The impedance of a headphone model is critical to its performance yet is often overlooked by users. What is headphone impedance? Headphone impedance refers to the inherent opposition the headphone circuitry has to the flow of electrical current. As the headphones create a…

What Is Headphone Frequency Response & What Is A Good Range?
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What Is Headphone Frequency Response & What Is A Good Range?

Sound and audio are made of are created by waves within a range of frequencies. Humans naturally respond to the audible range of frequencies, and headphones are designed with their own range of frequencies that they are capable of producing. What is headphone frequency response, and what is a good range? Headphone frequency response refers…

What Is Microphone Transient Response & Why Is It Important?
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What Is Microphone Transient Response & Why Is It Important?

There are many specifications that help us to understand the nature and performance of a microphone. Transient response is one such specification that is difficult to measure and does not show up on data sheets but is, nonetheless, important to understand if we are to comprehend the true nature of a microphone. What is microphone…

What Are Coloured And Flat Microphone Frequency Responses?
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What Are Coloured And Flat Microphone Frequency Responses?

When judging a microphone’s frequency response, we often use the terms “flat” or “coloured.” These general adjectives give us a broad understanding of how a microphone’s outputted audio signal will sound relative to the sound source it is capturing. What is a flat frequency response? A purely flat microphone frequency response means the microphone will…

What Is Total Harmonic Distortion In Audio And Microphones?
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What Is Total Harmonic Distortion In Audio And Microphones?

Love it or hate it, distortion is something we should always be listening for in our microphones, audio chain, and playback. Measuring distortion quantitatively is difficult, but total harmonic distortion provides a decent method of calculating distortion in an audio signal. What is total harmonic distortion in audio and microphones? Total harmonic distortion (THD) is…

Large-Diaphragm Vs. Small-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
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Large-Diaphragm Vs. Small-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones

The size of a condenser microphone’s diaphragm is a key differentiator between mic types. As the title suggests, condenser mics can be separated into the categories of large-diaphragm and small-diaphragm (and miniature diaphragm if we count lavalier mics). What are the differences between large-diaphragm condensers (LDCs) and small-diaphragm condensers (SDCs)? LDCs generally have a diaphragm…

What Is The Best Microphone? (Full Guide To Choosing The Best Mic)
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What Is The Best Microphone? (Full Guide To Choosing The Best Mic)

Beginners in the audio industry may ask what the best microphone is, while experts may argue to no end about which microphone rules them all. The truth is, there really is no “best microphone,” though there may be a best microphone for a certain application, and there are most definitely industry standards for certain applications….

What Is A Good Signal-To-Noise Ratio For A Microphone?
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What Is A Good Signal-To-Noise Ratio For A Microphone?

Noise is an inherent issue in the world of audio. Maintaining a high signal-to-noise ratio is critical to getting a clean audio signal from your recordings, sound reinforcement, and playback. A good signal-to-noise ratio starts at the microphone. What is a good signal-to-noise ratio for a microphone? Ideally, we want no noise in the mic…