What Is Headroom In Audio? (Recording, Mixing & Mastering)
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What Is Headroom In Audio? (Recording, Mixing & Mastering)

Headroom is a foundational concept in audio technology that is often overlooked in the age of digital recording, especially among beginners. Understanding the fundamentals of audio, including the definition of headroom, will enhance your knowledge and, ultimately, your skill when working with audio. What is headroom in audio? Headroom is the difference between an audio…

Are Guitar & Bass Amplifiers Mono Or Stereo Devices?
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Are Guitar & Bass Amplifiers Mono Or Stereo Devices?

Electric guitars and basses are naturally mono instruments, but the music they’re used in is most often in stereo. So then, it makes sense that there would be some confusion as to whether guitar/bass amplifiers are mono or stereo. Are guitar amplifiers mono or stereo devices? Electric guitars and bass guitars are naturally mono instruments,…

Are Audio Amplifiers Analog Or Digital Devices?
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Are Audio Amplifiers Analog Or Digital Devices?

The first commercial digital audio recordings were released in 1971, and since then, listeners have been amplifying these recordings to enjoy them through speakers and headphones. Nowadays, most of the audio people listen to is digital (even with the resurgence of analog audio vinyl records), which begs the question of whether amps are digital devices…

Units Of Measurement & Prefixes In Sound & Audio Electronics
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Units Of Measurement & Prefixes In Sound & Audio Electronics

Sound and audio are regularly measured in order to improve our understanding of how audio equipment performs. There are many units of measurement and prefixes that often accompany these measurements. In this article, we will go through the definitions of common units of measurement; how they work within the context of sound and audio, and…

Complete Guide To Microphone Preamplifier Specifications
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Complete Guide To Microphone Preamplifier Specifications

If you’re familiar with microphones, you’ll know that they require preamplifiers to boost their relatively low-strength output signals to usable levels. Microphone preamps come in various shapes and sizes and are defined by a list of specifications. What are microphone preamplifier specifications? Mic preamp specifications, shown on specifications/datasheets and product pages, are pieces of information that…

What Is Amplifier Slew Rate & Does It Affect Performance?
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What Is Amplifier Slew Rate & Does It Affect Performance?

If you’ve stumbled upon this article, you’ve likely been confused about the slew rate specification on an amplifier specifications sheet and want to know more about this rare and odd data point. What is amplifier slew rate, and how does it affect performance? Amplifier slew rate is a measurement of how quickly an amplifier is…

What Is Damping Factor Between An Amplifier & Loudspeaker?
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What Is Damping Factor Between An Amplifier & Loudspeaker?

The damping factor is one of many equations that applies to audio equipment. When discussing the relationship between audio outputs (particularly amplifiers) and audio inputs (particular loudspeakers), the damping factor is somewhat lesser considered rating but important to know nonetheless. What is the damping factor between an amplifier and a loudspeaker? Damping factor (DF) is…

Complete Guide To Power Amplifier Specifications & Data
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Complete Guide To Power Amplifier Specifications & Data

Whether separate units or built into other audio equipment (speakers, integrated amps, etc.), power amplifiers are critical components in any loudspeaker setup. With so many power amp options, it’s good to know how to read their specifications to get a good idea of how each amp will perform. What are power amplifier specifications? Power amplifier specifications,…

The Complete Guide To Speaker Impedance (2Ω, 4Ω, 8Ω & More)
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The Complete Guide To Speaker Impedance (2Ω, 4Ω, 8Ω & More)

Whether it’s on the specification sheet or written as a number of ohms (Ω) on the back of the speaker, impedance is something we’ll see or hear of at some point when using speakers. The seemingly mysterious specification of speaker impedance should be understood in order for us to fully comprehend how speakers work. What…

What Is Amplifier Impedance? (Actual Vs. Rated Impedance)
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What Is Amplifier Impedance? (Actual Vs. Rated Impedance)

Impedance is a confusing topic when it comes to amplifiers, speakers and pretty much all other audio devices. If you’ve ever wondered what the ohm (Ω) rating meant on your amp and how it affects the amp’s performance in a system, this is the article for you! What is amplifier impedance? Audio amplifiers have inputs…

Full List: Headphone/Earphone Specifications w/ Examples
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Full List: Headphone/Earphone Specifications w/ Examples

There are many headphones and headphone types on the market that are defined by a large number of specifications. These specs tell us a lot about the headphones and how they’re likely to perform. Of course, it’s always best to listen critically and make up your own mind about headphones but knowing and understanding the…

Complete Guide To Speaker Power Handling & Wattage Ratings
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Complete Guide To Speaker Power Handling & Wattage Ratings

There are many specifications used to define speakers, and power handling or “wattage rating” is one of the most common specs we encounter when reading into using or buying a speaker. The spec will look something like 1000 W; 350 Wrms, or 800 Wpeak. What is speaker power handling (wattage rating)? The speaker power handling…